Working with Basic Linux commands -Part 2

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We are back again with another Linux command tutorial. This will be the last part of Linux Basic commands. In case you missed it Working with Basic Linux command part-1.

File creation, Traversing and Editing

echo“- Echo command is used to create a file with text in it.

echo"TEXT" > [file_name]

“cat”- cat command is used to print the data from file.

cat [file_name]

“nano”- nano is a built in text editor that can be used to edit text in terminal.

nano [file_name]

File compression and decompression

In Linux we can compress directories and files with “tarball”

“tar”- tar command is used to compress a file.


  • -c: Create an archive.
  • -z: Compress the archive with gzip.
  • -v: Display progress in the terminal while creating the archive, also known as “verbose” mode. The v is always optional in these commands, but it’s helpful.
  • -f: Allows you to specify the filename of the archive.
  • -x: Allows you to decompress a file.
tar [options] [archived_file_name.tar.gz] [file_name]

tar compression

tar compression

tar decompression


App installation

“apt”- apt command installs applications.

Updating repositories- sudo apt-get update
App installation- sudo apt-get install [package_name] 
app installation

Copying and Moving file

“cp” – cp command copies a file from one directory to another.

cp [file_path] [target_path]
copying a file

“mv”- mv command moves a file from one directory to another.

mv [file_path] [target_path]
moving a file

Comment below for feedback. We will be back with more commands.

Linux-Commands Part 1

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